Transfer of the knowledge of Ayurveda.

Lord Brahma to Prajapati

The Vedas form the core of Indian philosophy, as they contain transcendental knowledge and understanding of the universe gained by the Great Sages of yore. The Vedas are divided into four great books: the Rig-Veda, the Yajur-Veda, the Sama-Veda and the Atharva-Veda. While references to human pathology and dosha imbalances are seen in certain places, no specific references to what is today known as Ayurveda can be found in them.

It is with the appearance of the legendary Samhitas or Compendiums that the word ‘Ayurveda’ finds first mention in medical history. These works inspired a codified approach to healthcare, with a distinct focus on practical sets of instructions for vaidyans to follow. The ideology, approach, ways to raise plants and distill medicine were specified, and Ayurveda took on the characteristics that we are familiar with today. The Great Sages and their schools of thought emerged with greater clarity, and medicare was simplified with the classification of the Ashtanga – the eight major divisions of Ayurveda.

It is said that the Hindu god Brahma, one of the chief triumvirate gods of Hinduism, created Ayurveda. He then transmitted this knowledge to his son, Daksha Prajapati. Daksha passed it down to the twin Vedic gods Ashwini Kumaras. The twin gods became the physicians of the gods, and the Devas of Ayurveda. The twin gods presented Ayurveda to Indra, the king of gods. Indra had three physicians as his disciples, namely Acharya Bharadwaj, Acharya Kashyapa and Aacharya Divodas Dhanvantari. From Bharadwaj’s teaching, his student Agnivesha developed the fundamental Ayurvedic text of internal medicine. Agnivesha’s disciple, Acharya Charak then revised this body of work. This started the tradition of passing down the knowledge of Ayurveda from gods to sages.

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